Ozone therapy: an overview of pharmacodynamics, current research, and clinical utility
Noel L. Smith, Anthony L. Wilson, Jason Gandhi, Sohrab Vatsia, and Sardar Ali Khan, M.D
The use of ozone (O3) gas as a therapy in alternative medicine has attracted skepticism due to its
unstable molecular structure. However, copious volumes of research have provided evidence that O3 ‘s
dynamic resonance structures facilitate physiological interactions useful in treating a myriad of
pathologies. Specifically, O3 therapy induces moderate oxidative stress when interacting with lipids.
This interaction increases endogenous production of antioxidants, local perfusion, and oxygen delivery,
as well as enhances immune responses. We have conducted a comprehensive review of O3 therapy,
investigating its contraindications, routes and concentrations of administration, mechanisms of action,
disinfectant properties in various microorganisms, and its medicinal use in different pathologies. We
explore the therapeutic value of O3 in pathologies of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract,
genitourinary system, central nervous system, head and neck, musculoskeletal, subcutaneous tissue,
and peripheral vascular disease. Despite compelling evidence, further studies are essential to mark it as
a viable and quintessential treatment option in medicine.